NEO X KOROYD: AN ENGINEERING PARTNERSHIP

A 9-YEAR PARTNERSHIP DEVELOPING PRODUCTS

Neo and Koroyd have been working together to develop safer paragliding products since 2014.

The first tests lasted two and a half years until the correct combination of Koroyd and foam was found to meet the standards and obtain the certification for paragliding. During these tests, we realized that the Koroyd technology by itself was not enough and needed to be used with a special casing. We then joined forces with Koroyd to develop a custom-shaped foam for this need. The NEO-KOROYD technology, tested and registered, was born from this collaboration. 

Our common goal has always been to develop protection technology that, throughout the years, has allowed reducing the thickness, weight, and volume of protections while maintaining their shock-absorbing capacity.

ABOUT KOROYD

Koroyd has been committing to innovation for a safer future for over 10 years. Their unrelenting search for smarter, safer, and more durable protection solutions is recognized by patented and awarded innovations. 

Koroyd and their team operate worldwide. Their headquarters are located at the Monaco Principality and their team is present in the United Kingdom, North America, and China. Koroyd works throughout 5 major commercial units: Sports, Motorsports, Industrial Safety, Family and Defense, and distribute their technology to clients all over the world: from the United States to South Korea. 

Thanks to their expertise in various domains, they provide their partners with an in-depth expertise regarding the user's demands, R&D installations, and setup protocols to offer remarkable protection solutions.

ADVANTAGES OF NEO-KOROYD PROTECTIONS
IN PARAGLIDING HARNESSES

In terms of impact absorption:

- The energy of the impact is absorbed by the deformation of the material, noise, and heat.

- No energy restitution after the impact. Slight rebound.

- The duration of exposure to the high energy of the impact is shortened thanks to the rapid and constant deformation of the Koroyd and the absence of energy rebound.

- Full back protection.

- 100% efficient during all flight stages (take off and landing).

ADVANTAGES OF NEO-KOROYD PROTECTIONS 
IN PARAGLIDING HARNESSES

- Lighter protection.

- Thinner protection for aerodynamic performance.

- Thinner protection for carrying volume.

- Stiffness for more comfort and maneuverability in flight.

HOW KOROYD WORKS

The Koroyd technology was developed from an airspace project after an aviation disaster that was widely covered by the media in the United Kingdom. The resulting material is a set of extruded and thermally welded tubes that crumple instantly and evenly during an impact, absorbing more force more reliably than any other technology.

Koroyd is a thermally welded tubular structure used in various products, from sports helmets to skis, and from industrial worker protection to car seats for children. Koroyd's main goal is to absorb energy in case of impact and protect the user against serious injuries. Besides being an industry leading energy absorber, Koroyd is also highly breathable and ultralight.

Koroyd's well-arranged structure and the tube's thin walls (59 μm à 290 μm) use a combination of controlled buckling and efficient deformation until their compression for high volumetric energy absorption.

THE PROPERTIES OF KOROYD

Koroyd's properties are very similar to those of an energy absorber that's ideal in compression. The mechanical properties of Koroyd are related to their deforming behavior. Unlike traditional foam (e.g. EPS), Koroyd does not harden during the compression, the stress plateau is completely flat until the densification of the material at around 70 to 80 % of compression.

This deformation is closer to the theoretical model of a mechanical energy absorber.

IMPACT ENERGY ABSORPTION

Once the initial compression of an energy-absorbing material has been released (after an impact), it regains some energy due to its elastic behavior (rebound). 

MINIMUM REBOUND

Since Koroyd has less elasticity compared to traditional foam, there is less risk of a second pulse from the energy absorbed during the loading phase (less rebound). 

PLASTIC DEFORMATION

With Koroyd, energy from an impact is converted to plastic deformation, a bit of heat and a bit of noise. 

DESIGNING A BETTER PROTECTION FOR PARAGLIDING HARNESSES

The EN1651:2018+A1:2020 standard is the European standard applicable to paragliding harnesses. When a manufacturer claims that the harness is equipped with a protection, it is checked with a device made up of a vertical crash dummy and various measuring tools.

The protection is tested at a room temperature of 20° C (±5° C).

Although the test is limited to a vertical impact, manufacturers are encouraged by the EN 1651 standard to extend the protection to the back area, what the NEO - Koroyd 1.0 and 3.0 protections offer.
 

The dummy is installed leaning backwards at an alpha 𝛼 angle between 20° C and 25° C, as shown below.

The mass dropped is of at least 50 kg.

The dropping height is measured from the surface of impact to the lowest point of the test dummy and should not be lower than 165 cm.

The maximum peak acceleration recorded during the test shall be less than 50 g.

The EN1651 standard also stipulates minimizing the acceleration during some periods:
  • For a value of 38 g, the top duration is 7 ms.
  • For a value of 20 g, the top duration is 25 ms.
It is widely known that the body can withstand a strong acceleration for short periods of time. Efficient body protection devices minimize the acceleration with time. 

PERFORMANCE OF NEO-KOROYD IN PARAGLIDING HARNESS PROTECTIONS

The impact energy associated to the EN1651 standard is of 809 J with a theoretical impact speed of 5.7m/s (20.5km/h). The role of energy absorption materials is to absorb a maximum of energy without becoming denser and transferring residual forces to the pilot.

The Koroyd specification chosen for paragliding by NEO is the Koroyd HP60048. This specification has a cell diameter of 6.0mm and a density of 48 g/l. The size of the Koroyd inserts changes depending on the protection's reference.

The Koroyd is used together with a foam with a density of 24 kg/m3. The foam gives the overall shape to the protection and keeps the Koroyd inserts in place. It also gives some flexibility to the protection.

EFFICIENT DURING LIGHT IMPACTS

Tests were carried out using a drop test device to check the material during a low intensity impact. The device used was a flat impact device weighing 5 kg.

The tests show that the Koroyd inserts start deforming at a 30 cm drop (drop speed of 2.4 m/s). The impact energy is therefore absorbed even at a low intensity impact.

 

DYNAMIC TEST PERFORMANCE

Figure 8 shows the results at low and high impact heights according to the test procedure with a 50 kg dummy.

We tested the NEO-Koroyd 3.0 with the NEO Suspender harness at 0.5m, 1m, and the standard EN height of 1.65 m at the Air Turquoise laboratories in Villeneuve, Switzerland. The results show an efficient energy absorption from 50 cm and therefore, for low-speed falls.

THE BEHAVIOUR OF THE KOROYD

The graphic at the right side has been badly explained or misinterpreted. It is one of the main subjects of controversy concerning Koroyd in paragliding protection. 

This graph is obtained during a laboratory test, the quasi-static test. This is a method used to characterise the damping properties of a material. Unlike a dynamic test, where the material is subjected to rapid loading and deformation, the quasi-static test involves the slow, controlled application of a force or deformation to the material. Although this test is not specifically designed to simulate dynamic shocks, it can provide useful information about a material's response to progressive loading. There is a link between the results of the quasi-static test and the performance in absorbing a mechanical shock.

Analysis of the stress-strain curve obtained during this test with the Koroyd shows:

1 - The ability to absorb a large amount of energy from the start of the impact

2 - Koroyd's capacity for plastic (non-reversible) deformation: this type of deformation helps to absorb energy in a controlled way during an impact.

3 - The ability to absorb stress using 70 to 80% of the thickness. 

These characteristics, demonstrated by the quasi-static test, enabled us to choose Koroyd as a material with real potential for paragliding protection. Koroyd's performance was validated in a low-energy dynamic test and in the EN 1651 standard test.

TYPES OF NEO-KOROYD PROTECTIONS

IN PARAGLIDING HARNESSES

It is widely known that the body can withstand a strong acceleration for short periods of time. Efficient body protection devices minimize the acceleration with time. 



The collaboration between Neo and Koroyd since 2014 to develop safer paragliding gear has resulted in different types protections. The table above shows the various NEO-KOROYD technologies, their characteristics, and the harnesses where they are used.